Explore Hindu, Buddhist and Jain art from India, the Himalayas and Southeast Asia.
Maritime trade between India and Southeast Asia began at an early date. As Indian merchants settled in many parts of this widespread region they brought with them the practice of Buddhism and Hinduism. Local ruling dynasties both adopted these religions and began to patronise Indian styles of temple architecture and sculpture. Indian models were skilfully assimilated by their artists and reinterpreted in powerful and elegant styles of their own, reflecting local physical types and costume.
Great surges in building activity, going far beyond Indian precedents, produced awe-inspiring temple complexes such as Borobudur in Java (AD 800) and Angkor in Cambodia (1150). Strong cultural influences from China were also reflected in the production of Chinese-style glazed ceramics in several regions.
Java and Sumatra
Terracotta figurines from the Majapahit Kingdom, eastern Java, 1300-1500
Southeast Asia: ceramics, terracottas and bronzes
Southeast Asia: ceramics
Small porcelain vessels from the Hoi An shipwreck, Vietnam, about 1450-1500